Sun Jun 6, 2010 9:49pm
BEIJING (Reuters) - Although China has supplied massive volumes of carbon credits to the global market, prospects for CO2 trade within the country itself are not optimistic, a senior climate official said on Sunday.
Lu Xuedu, influential vice-head of China's National Climate Centre and former member of the United Nations Executive Board responsible for approving clean development mechanism (CDM) projects, told a conference in Beijing that carbon transaction volumes within China were likely to remain low.
"The domestic market will probably remain small, because you just need to ask the simple question -- Who will buy emissions in China?" he said.
Under the UN's Kyoto Protocol, China has been under no obligation to cut its own carbon emissions, and Lu said the only potential domestic buyers were big enterprises or high-income celebrities trying to improve their reputations.
China has been a supplier rather than a buyer of carbon credits and remains a key player in the CDM, a part of the Kyoto Protocol that allows industrialised nations to invest in clean projects in the developing world in exchange for offsets known as certified emission reductions (CERs), which can either be traded or used to comply with mandatory national CO2 targets.
China has been by far the biggest supplier of CERs on the world market, but developers have not been allowed to trade the credits domestically. Instead, a plethora of new environmental exchanges in Beijing, Shanghai and elsewhere have expressed hope that voluntary emissions markets will emerge to fill the gap. However, voluntary volumes have so far remained negligible.
There have been around 3,000 trades of voluntary emission reductions (VER) in China so far, exchange officials said, involving a total volume of 10,000 tonnes. The global total stood at 93 million tonnes last year, down 27 percent compared to 2008, according to research released on Sunday by Bloomberg New Energy Finance.
U.S. KEY IN NEW DEAL
The first phase of Kyoto ends in 2012 and negotiations are still continuing on a new global pact after the world community failed to reach a binding deal in the Danish capital of Copenhagen at the end of last year.
Lu said if the United States failed to pass its own climate legislation by the end of July, it was unlikely that a new binding agreement could be sealed during the meetings in the Mexican resort of Cancun at the end of this year.
Out of the total 2,214 CDM projects approved by the Executive Board by the middle of May, 851 originated in China, making it the "most successful" CDM country, Lu said, but there is a backlog of more than 1,600 Chinese projects still awaiting approval.
China's dominant position in the CDM sector has been criticised, with many accusing the country of producing large amounts of low-quality offsets from environmentally dubious projects involving the abatement of industrial gases like hydrofluorocarbons and nitrous oxide.
The Executive Board has been preoccupied with quality control. After turning its fire on the large number of wind power projects being submitted from China -- which it said had been given favourable power prices and were therefore ineligible for CDM support -- there are now indications that it is eyeing Chinese hydropower plants.
But the biggest problem with the current CDM market is demand, which remains uncertain as potential investors and project developers wait for clarity about what will happens after 2012, Lu said.
(Reporting by David Stanway; editing by Karen Foster)
Carta da Terra
"Estamos diante de um momento crítico na história da Terra, numa época em que a humanidade deve escolher o seu futuro. À medida que o mundo torna-se cada vez mais interdependente e frágil, o futuro enfrenta, ao mesmo tempo, grandes perigos e grandes promessas. Para seguir adiante, devemos reconhecer que, no meio da uma magnífica diversidade de culturas e formas de vida, somos uma família humana e uma comunidade terrestre com um destino comum. Devemos somar forças para gerar uma sociedade sustentável global baseada no respeito pela natureza, nos direitos humanos universais, na justiça econômica e numa cultura da paz. Para chegar a este propósito, é imperativo que nós, os povos da Terra, declaremos nossa responsabilidade uns para com os outros, com a grande comunidade da vida, e com as futuras gerações." (da CARTA DA TERRA)