By Peter Henderson, Reuters
OAKLAND, Calif. - A regional carbon market between California and some Canadian provinces will start off next year smaller than expected because of a delay by industrial powerhouse Ontario and a possible slowdown in a second province, British Columbia.
The Western Climate Initiative of states and provinces are seen as the best hope for North America by environmentalists and green businesses who believe that putting a price on emitting greenhouse gases will clean the environment and spur new industry.
Size is important, because a larger market is seen as more cost effective for participants.
The Western Climate Initiative in a statement said rule-making was on track so that trade could start next year.
Quebec and California - assuming the most populous U.S. state can overcome a last-minute legal threat to its plans - aim to start on Jan. 1.
B.C. said it is continuing to prepare but that a new administration must approve the plan created by the previous leader from the same political party.
Manitoba has committed to join at some future date, and Ontario said it was still determined to join.
"We need to get it right for both the environment and the economy," Ontario Environment Minister John Wilkinson said by phone. His province would not be ready for 2012, although he said the government remained committed to cap-and-trade.
The group of provinces and Western states got together in the face of what they saw as inaction by federal governments, although several member U.S. states have either dropped out of the plan for carbon trade or are pursuing it slowly.
Cap-and-trade establishes a limit on total emissions and then lets power plants, factories and others trade the right to pollute, using the market to find the cheapest solutions to cleaning up.
Cap-and-trade also has become a hot political issue in Canada, including in the federal election. Ontario goes to the polls in October and British Columbia has a new leader and cabinet.
"Ontario has an election in the fall, Quebec seems to be pushing ahead, California seems to be confidant despite the court case. B.C. needs to prioritize the legislation and make a decision within the next month if its going to hit the January deadline," summed up University of British Columbia associate professor James Tansey, a strong supporter of cap-and-trade.
The five states and provinces that are moving forward said they had made "tremendous progress" on linking regional programs including reporting standards, infrastructure, and protocols for offsets to carbon emissions, which are projects to soak up carbon that also moderate the price of carbon.
Carta da Terra
"Estamos diante de um momento crítico na história da Terra, numa época em que a humanidade deve escolher o seu futuro. À medida que o mundo torna-se cada vez mais interdependente e frágil, o futuro enfrenta, ao mesmo tempo, grandes perigos e grandes promessas. Para seguir adiante, devemos reconhecer que, no meio da uma magnífica diversidade de culturas e formas de vida, somos uma família humana e uma comunidade terrestre com um destino comum. Devemos somar forças para gerar uma sociedade sustentável global baseada no respeito pela natureza, nos direitos humanos universais, na justiça econômica e numa cultura da paz. Para chegar a este propósito, é imperativo que nós, os povos da Terra, declaremos nossa responsabilidade uns para com os outros, com a grande comunidade da vida, e com as futuras gerações." (da CARTA DA TERRA)